American psychological association apa style generally follows the bluebook citation format for legal resources, including laws. A new citation format for the colorado revised statutes. For statutes with common names, the references page entry begins with that name followed by a comma, the volume and the source with no punctuation between. Citations and abbreviations for statutes and regulations. Like federal statutes, state statutes may be published in both an official code and an unofficial code, and the bluebook requires you to cite to the official code, if possible rule 12. Cite your federal statute in american psychological association 6th edition format for free. Oct 16, 2019 the publication manual of the apa does not specifically address citing state legislative documents. Nov, 2019 session laws are statutes adopted during a single legislative session and published in chronological order.
All citations of kentucky statutes shall be made from the official edition of the kentucky revised statutes and may be abbreviated krs. For a statute without a common name, list the source, ch. Cite state codes and legal statutes in apa style for college research or professionally written papers and reports. However, when states only publish their statutes online, the online source can be cited directly. Statutes, codes, regulations read and use a legal citation. In general, follow the standard apa style for formatting citations, but when it comes to cit ations of court decisions, statutes and other legislative ma ter ials, follow the format of le gal citations found in the bluebook.
For additional information on these sources, consult the usc law library guides finding federal statutes, regulations, and related cases and finding california statutes, regulations, and related cases. How to cite state codes or statutes in apa style pen and. Use citation sentences to cite sources and authorities that. Statutes, codes, and regulations are found in westlawnext, heinonline, and at government sites. So, just cite to either the lexis or westlaw edge unofficial code. The 6th edition of the publication manual of the american psychological association 2010 outlines the citation style for legal materials in the appendix to chapter 7 pp. Typically, statutes command or prohibit something, or declare policy.
Below are standard abbreviations for the major federal and california statutory and regulatory sources. For more information on how to cite supplements, please see bluebook rule 3. However, state codes a code is a subject arrangement of the laws for that state differ. This research guide lists citation manuals and dictionaries of legal abbreviations to help you with these tasks. In a diverse and rapidly changing legal profession, the bluebook continues to provide a systematic method by which members of the profession communicate important information to one another about the sources and legal authorities upon. The reference and citation formats that youll find in appendix 7. The intext citation for a state statute gives the name of the act and the year.
In wi, sessions laws are published in the laws of wisconsin. Name and original section number as it appears in the session laws only if the statute is commonly cited that way title, chapter, or volume see t. How do i cite a state statute or law in the apa style. Citing legal materials in apa style university library. For state laws, use the correct abbreviation for that states code as listed in table 1 of the bluebook. Examples provided in this guide reflect the bluebook.
Jun 11, 2019 for federal statutes, list the title number followed by u. Parts of the reference there are just five pieces of information that you need when creating an apa style reference for a basic federal statute. Oct 16, 2019 how to cite us government documents in apa citation style. State statutes bluebook guide guides at georgetown law. This is usually done when the statute is an appropriation, has been repealed, or has its contents scattered in different parts of the code. When creating legal references in apa style, most legal materials are cited using the standard legal citation style found in the bluebook, 20th edition. Aug 09, 2019 a short primer on bluebook citation formats for federal and state cases and statutes, as well as books, journals, and other secondary sources. Apr 09, 2020 when creating legal references in apa style, most legal materials are cited using the standard legal citation style found in the bluebook, 20th edition legal materials include federal and state statutes, court decisions and court cases, executive orders, legislative materials, federal hearings and testimony, federal regulations, patents, constitutions and charters, treaties, and. Codes contain the statutes currently in force in a jurisdiction and are arranged topically.
State legislative documents how to cite us government. In general, follow the standard apa style for formatting citations, but when it comes to citations of court decisions, statutes and other legislative materials, follow the format of legal citations found in the bluebook. For court decisions, statutes, codes and other legal publications, apa uses the formats outlined in the bluebook. Legal materials include federal and state statutes, court decisions and court cases, executive orders, legislative materials, federal hearings and testimony, federal regulations, patents, constitutions and charters, treaties, and international conventions. Code 1620 west, westlaw through 2012 portion of 20112012 reg. Statutes are a collection of laws that are currently in force. Apa style is a method of citing references developed 80 years ago by the american psychological association and is designed to augment a straightforward, precision approach to academic and professional.
For material not specifically covered in the publication manual, the apa refers users to the bluebook. A uniform system of citation, a popular legal citation style, to cite legal materials. Case name abbreviations table 6 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z. Alternatively, cite the statute in its original publication in the statutes at large, rather than in the code.
Legal materials citation help for apa, 7th edition. In text, give the popular or official name of the act if any and the year of the act. Ohio does not have an official code the session laws are official. This is the style used in the study and practice of law. Below is a list of state supreme court and court of appeals abbreviations. A uniform system of citation guidelines abbreviations. If you prefer to search by state supreme court or court of appeals exclusively, click on the links in the left hand navigation bar for supreme court or court of appeals abbreviations. Lawsstatutes how to cite us government documents in apa. If possible, cite statutes currently in force to the official code or its supplement r 12. Jan 27, 2020 give case name, volume of source, source name, page number. It contains extensive instructions on how to format statutory citations, and it also provides guidance on citing municipal ordinances, rules of evidence and procedure, and uniform and model laws. When citing to one of the unofficial annotated codes you need to indicate which set you used by identifying the publisher at the end of the cite.
Statutes bluebook guide libguides at university of. Jul 19, 2019 rule 12 and rule b12 in the bluepages governs how to cite statutes. See page 220 of the publication manual 2010 for information on citing state statutes laws. Statutes bluebook basics libguides at university of. The publication manual of the apa refers users to bluebook rule 12. State court abbreviations bluebook quick reference. Citation examples use nonacademic citation format i.
Apa style is a method of citing references developed 80 years ago by the american psychological association and is designed to augment a straightforward, precision approach to academic and professional writing. Home legal citation guides and abbreviations research. Citation style law and legal research libguides at. Apr 12, 2019 part of doing legal research is citing your authorities properly and tracking down items with unfamiliar citations. Some states organize their statutes by title, some organize by.
The word is often used to distinguish law made by legislative bodies from case law, decided by courts, and regulations issued by government agencies. If a statute has a common name, this is the first element of the apa style reference. Acts page number if citing to an act only found in baldwins kentucky revised. The section symbol followed by a space and the section number containing the statute. Table 1 provides a list of statutory codes for each state and indicates which is the officialpreferred code to cite as well as the abbreviations for each. Citing legal materials in apa style the 6th edition of the publication manual of the american psychological association 2010 outlines the citation style for legal materials in the appendix to chapter 7 pp. The bluebook holds that if you cite a code in an electronic database, you should note the database and its currency in a parenthetical. Citing a state statute follows the same format used to cite a federal statute. Dec 08, 2016 we figure that, if youre reading title 8, you know when you see a reference to section 241104, its referring to a section in another title of the colorado statutes and that were not straying down the freeway and into another states statutes. Statutes bluebook legal citation tarlton law library at.
Below are suggested formats for common types of legal publications california and federal sources. Citation machine helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. If a statute doesnt have a name, omit this element, and start with the title number. Follow the bluebook on abbreviations for the published source, state, etc. Jul 19, 2019 like federal statutes, state statutes may be published in both an official code and an unofficial code, and the bluebook requires you to cite to the official code, if possible rule 12.
Note that per bluebook rules, the code cited should be in small caps. Citation to other legislative documents is covered in bluebook rule. Think of famous federal statutes like the family medical leave act. Statutes a statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a state, city, or country. Manual of the apa refers users to bluebook rule 12. If you cant access the bluebook, ask your instructor or supervisor how to cite a state law.1470 580 733 1552 152 468 267 882 806 1299 460 637 1159 668 425 510 1131 1173 150 1304 1013 775 701 269 838 642 1452 389 1390 655 1231 1298 912 1365 1426 272 710 1152 1362 357 373 155 1293 295 1038 829 836 769